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hat because they wer

dered by Pakistan to the west; People's Rep▓ublic of China (PRC), Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to

e wild mushrooms grown

the eas▓t. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and▓ Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.Home to the▓ Indus Valley C

in the mountains they w

ivilisation and a region of histor▓ic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commerci

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ment.Parker told his em?/h3>

al and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated there, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived

in▓ the first millennium CE and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom fro

ere worth ever y kuai. I鈥榤 still

3D Beach Art | Meghna

not sure how he knew▓ they

m the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independenc▓e that was marked by widespread nonviolent resistance.Po▓pulation: 143,500Major areas of d

istribution: Xinjiang and HeilongjiangLanguage: KirgizReligion: ▓IslamThe Kirgiz ethnic minority, with a population of 143,500, finds 80 per cent of its inhabitants in the Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonom?/p> were mushrooms i n the first place. 

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坥us Prefecture in the southwestern part of the Xinjiang Uygu▓r Autonomous Region. The rest live in the neighboring Wushi (Uqturpan), Aksu, Sha

s. These are even more

che (Yarkant), Y▓ingisar, Taxkorgan and Pishan (Guma), and in Tekes, Zhaosu (Monggolkure), Emin (Dorbiljin)▓, Bole (Bortala), Jinghe (Jing) an

 distracting to motorists th

d Gonliu in northern Xinjiang. Several hundred ▓Kirgiz whose forefathers emigrated to Nort▓heast China more than 200 years ago now live in Wuj

an having bags of ▓

ia▓zi Village in Fuyu County, Heilongjiang Province.Origins and HistoryThe Kirgiz language belo▓ngs to the Turkic subdivision of the Altaic▓

vegetables waved at yo

family of languages. It borrowed many words from the Chinese language after the 1950s, and a new alphabet was then devised,▓ discarding the o

u from the roads

ld Arabic script and adopting ▓a Roman alphabet-based script. The Uygur and Kazak langu▓ages are also used by the Kirgiz in some localities.The forefathers of t▓he Kirgiz lived on the upper reaches of the Yenisey River. In the mid-sixth century A.D., the Kirgi▓z tribe was under the rule of the Turkic Khanate. After the Tang Dynasty (618-907) defeated the Eastern Turkic Khanate, the Kirgiz came into contact with the dynasty and in the 7th century the Kirgiz land was officially included in China's territory.From▓ the 7th to the 10th century, the Kirgiz had very frequent communications with the Han Chinese. Their musical▓ instruments -- the drum, sheng (a reed pipe), bili (a bamboo instrument with a reed mouthpiece) and pa▓nling (a group of bells attached to ▓a tambourine) -- showed that the Kirgiz had attained quite a high level of culture. Accor▓ding to ancient Yenisey inscriptions on stone tablets, a▓fter the Kirgiz developed a class society, there was a sharp polarization and class antagonism. Garments, foo▓d and housing showed marked differences in▓ wealth and there were already words for "property," "occu▓pant," "owner" and "slave."During the Liao and Song dynasties (916-1279), the Kirgiz were recorded as "Xiajias" or "Xiajiaz"▓. The Liao government established an office▓ in the Xiajias area. In the late 12th century when Genghis Khan rose, Xiajias was recor▓ded in Han books of history as "Qirjis" or "Jilijis," still living in the Yenisey River va▓lley. From the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368) to the Ming Dyn▓asty (1368-1644), the Jilijis, though still mainly living by nomadic animal husbandry, had emigrated from the upper Yenisey to the Tian▓shan Mountains and become one of the most populous T▓urkic-speaking tribal groups. After the 15th▓ century, though there were still tribal distinctions, the Jilijis tribes in the Tianshan Mountains had become a u▓nified entity.In the early Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Kirgiz, who had remained in the upper Yenisey River reaches, emigrated to the Tianshan Mountains to▓ live together with their kinfolk. Many then moved to the Hindukush and Karakorum Mo▓untains. At this time, some Kirgiz left the▓ir homeland and emigrated to Northeast Chin▓a. In 1758 and 1759, the Sayak and Sarbagex▓ tribes of Eastern Blut and the Edegena tribe of Western Blut, and 13 other tribes -- a total of 200,0▓00 -- entered the Issyk Kul pastoral area and asked to be s▓ubjected to the Qing.The Kirgiz played a major role with their courage, bravery and patriotism in the defense of modern China against foreign aggres▓sion.The Kirgiz and Kazaks assisted the Qing government ▓in its efforts to crush the rebellion b▓y the nobility of Dzungaria and the Seni▓or and Junior Khawaja.They resisted assaults by the rebellious Yukub Beg in 1864, and when the Qing troops came to southern Xinjiang to fight Yukub Beg's army, they gave them assistance.However, un▓der the pretext of "border security," the Kuomintang regime in 1944 ordered the closing of many pasturelands, depriving the Kirgiz herdsmen of their livelihood. As a result, the Puli R▓evolution broke out in what is now Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County and part of the Akto area, and formed a revolut▓ionary government. This revolution, together with uprisings in Ili, Tacheng and Altay, shook the Kuomintang rul▓e in Xinjiang. More than 7,000 people ▓took part in the Puli Revolution, the majority being Kirgiz, Tajiks and Uygurs.Popu▓lation: 172,900Major areas of distribution: Xinjiang, Jilin▓ and LiaoningLanguage: XibeReligion: Polythei▓sm, Shamanism and BuddhismThe Xibe ethnic minority, with a population of 127,900, is widely distributed over no▓rthern China from the Ili area in the Xin▓jiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the west to the northeast provinces of Jilin and Liaoning.CustomThe Xibe people in northeast and northwest China have each formed their own charact▓eristics in the course of development. The ▓language and eating, dressing and living h▓abits of the Xibes in the northeast are▓ close to those of the local Han and Manchu people. Living▓ in more compact communities, those in Xinjiang have preserved more of the characteristics of their language script and life styles. The Xibe language belongs to the Manchu-Tungus▓ic branch of the Altaic Language Family. Legend has it ▓that the Xibe ethnic group once had its own script but has lost it after the Qing Dynasty (1644-19▓11) was founded. A growing number of Xib▓e people came to learn the Manchu and Han languages, th▓e latter being more widely used. In Xinjiang, however, some Xibe people know both the Uygur and Kazak languages. In 1947, certain Xibe in▓tellectuals reformed the Manchu language they were using by dropping some phonetic symbols ▓and adding new letters of the Xibe language. ▓This Xibe script has been used as an official langua▓ge by the organs of power in the autonomous a▓reas.The Xibe ethnic minority in Xinjiang believe▓d in Polytheism before China¡¯s national liberation in 1949. In addition to the gods of insect, dragon, land and smallpox, the Xibes also worshipped divine▓ protectors of homes and animals. Beside▓s, some Xibe people believe in Shamanism and ▓Buddhism. The Xibe people are pious worshippers of ancesto▓rs, to whom they offer fish every March and melons ever▓y July.In clothing, the Xibe women in Xinjiang like close-fitting long gowns reaching the instep. Their front, lower hem and sleeves▓ are trimmed with laces. Men wear short jackets with buttons down the front, with the trousers tightly tied around the ankle. They wear long robes in winter. The Xibe costume in northe▓astern China is basically the same as that▓ of the Han people. Rice and flour are staples for the Xibes. Those in Xinjiang who raise cattle and ▓sheep like tea with milk, butter, cream, cheese and other dairy products. April ▓18 on the lunar calendar is the fes▓tival of the Xibes, who would make flour ▓or bean sauce on this day to mark the successful conclusion of their ancestors' westward move. In autumn, they would pickle cabbage, leek, carrot, celery and hot pepper. The Xibes enjoy hunting and fishing during the slack farming season. They also cure fish for winter use.There are usually 100 to 200 households in each Xib▓e village, which is enclosed with a w▓all two or three miles long. A Xibe house▓ usually consists of three to five rooms with a▓ courtyard, in which flowers and fruit trees are plante▓d. The gates of the houses mostly face so▓uth. Xibe women are good at paper cutting, and ▓windows are often decorated with beautiful paper-cuts.In the past, each Xibe family used to consist of three generations, sometimes as many as four or five generations, being influenced by the feudal system. Marriage wa▓s, in most cases, decided by parents. Women held a very low status and had no right to inherit property. The family was governed by the most senior member who had great authority. When th▓e father was living, the sons were not allowed to break up the family and live apart. In family life, the old and the young each had his position▓ according to a strict order of importance, and they paid attention to etiquette. "Hala," ▓a council formed by male clan heads, handled major is▓sues within the clans and enforced clan rules.Population: 5,800Major area of distribution: Yunnan ▓ProvinceLanguage: DrungReligion: PolytheismThe Drungs, numbering about 4,700, live mainly in the Dulong River valley of the Gongshan Drung and Nu Autonomous County in northwestern Yunnan Province▓. Their language belongs to the Tibetan-Myanmese▓ group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. Similar to the language of the Nu people, their neighbors, it does not have a written form and, traditionally, records were made and messages▓ transmitted by engraving notches in woo▓d and tying knots.HistoryDuring the Tang Dynasty (618-907), the places where the Drungs lived were under the jurisdiction of the Nanzhao and D▓ali principalities. From the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368) to the end of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), t▓he Drungs were ruled by court-appointed Naxi headmen. In modern times, the ethnic minority distinguished itself by repulsing a British mili▓tary expedition in 1913.Natural EnvironmentThe Dulong River valley extends 150 km from ▓north to south. It is flanked on the ea▓st by Mt. Gaoligong, 5,000 meters above sea level, and on the west by Mt. Dandanglika, 4,000 meters above sea level.The area has abundant rainfall due to the influence of monsoon winds from the Indian Ocean; the annual precipitation is 2,500 mm. Virgin f▓orests cover the mountain slopes, and▓ medicinal herbs, wild animals and ▓mineral deposits abound. Crops grown ▓in the area used to be limited to maize, buckwheat and beans, but after liberation at the mid-20th▓ century rice and potatoes were introduced.銆€銆€By Liu Wei Co-trans: Fang Yinong, Yang Lina 銆€銆€Author Liu Wei is a Tibetologist a▓nd a senior reporter of Xinhua. This piece,▓ written in 1989, is selected from Liu's book "Tell You a Real Tibet," which was publ▓ished in 2008 by Xinhua Publishing H▓ouse. 銆€銆€BEIJING, July 7 (Xinhuanet) -- Having w▓ashed her hands and put on a crimson gown,▓ "Niubu" Yabeng stood barefoot on a wooden block and start▓ed to meditate and sing incantations, seemingly entering another spiritual world. 銆€銆€She looked at a pile of wooden poles hung with white prayer flags on the mountainside of the tree-covered Jiangga Mountain, which was said to be frequented by mountain ghosts. 銆€銆€"Niubu" refers to th▓e most powerful wizard of the Lhoba ethni▓c minority. 銆€銆€While covering Lhoba Township, we happened to observe the divination ceremony practiced by ▓"Niubu" Yabeng. 銆€銆€The Lhoba ethnic minority lived on the southeastern side ▓of the Himalaya mountains. Before 1959, the Lh▓oba people were still in a slave society, with slash-and-burn cultivation as their major mode o▓f production. Since they had their own language but no ch▓aracters, they kept records by tying knots and carving woods. 銆€銆€The Lhoba ethnic minority believed in the anci▓ent religion of animism. Divination will be practiced on the occasions such as birth, aging, si▓ckness, death, marriage, house b

86

ide. 銆€銆€Another driving hazard in T

uilding, hunting, cultivation and harvest. 銆€銆€In the previous autumn, I had watched a song

ibet is falling rocks fro▓m the mountains

and dance performance in▓ Lhasa. One of the performances named Old Theme ▓left a deep impression

above. The solution? Constructing l

on me. Yayi, choreograp▓her and protagonist of the dance, said that the c▓reation was inspired

arge sheets of metal netting and casti

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eir "tempo

led by the woman, Y▓abeng dropped the chick

  • rary" homes here d
  • uring summer, autumn a
  • nd spring. This▓ is s
  • o their livestock,
  • yaks, sheep or catt
  • le, have fresh pastu
res to graze

on. In wint

en's blood onto the six bamboo lab▓els, and c

  • er they go back do▓
  • wn the mountain to the
  • ir 鈥榩ermanent鈥?home
  • s▓. 銆€銆€Tibet鈥
  • 榮 incredible scener
  • y can change very qu
ickly and to

day was no

ast spells on each. Then she deftly dissecte

  • diffe▓rent. No soo
  • ner had we past the he
  • rdsman then the weat
  • her became colder
  • and, as we climbed h
  • igher and higher,▓ sn
ow capped mo

untains came i

d the chicken and took out its liver to obser?/p>

  • nto view. 銆€銆€We c
  • aught our f▓irst glim
  • pse of Namco Lake from
  • the top of th▓e
  • mountain and then it
  • was back in the car f
or the for▓

ty-minute drive down the other

Meghna

side. 銆€銆€Again t

he scenery chang

坴e the grain on it.  Rainstorms since e▓arly this week have swept through a wide swathe of south▓ern China, leaving dozens of people dead or

Meghna

銆€銆€In contrast to

our visit to Ya

mi▓ssing and forcing hundreds of thousands to evacuate. In Jiangxi Province, two people have been killed, three more are missing and more than

Meghna

thing from jewellery

to ▓horse rides

100,000 ▓have been evacuated following the heaviest rain this summer.The rain damaged 178,000 hectares of crops and caused more than 8000 ho

Latest some▓ tra

amazing caves coverimage

velers from other part

uses to collapse. Direct economic losses are estimate▓d at 1.3 billion yuan. In one flooded▓ county, the average water level is two meters, and the

s of China, th
amazing caves coverimage
Flying bicycle
3D Beach Art | Meghna

e US and France. 銆€銆

maxi▓mum depth, 4.By 3 p.m. Friday, average rainfall▓ in the province was 97.4 millimeter▓s. In one town, the maximum topped 540 millimet▓ers. The

€After recordi
amazing caves coverimage

ng some interviews and

province issued its first highest ▓level rainstorm alarm in history. Civi▓l administration, water and transport departments have dispatched relie

taking some p
amazing caves coverimage

hotographs it was ba

f teams. In Hunan Provi▓nce, storm-related disasters have killed seven and left one missing. Ove▓r a hundred thousand hectares of crops are ruined

ck on the bus
to find a place fo

Get In r lunch.

As we were settling

.Tra▓ffic was disrupted on dozens of roads and ▓150 businesses had to halt production.CARACAS, June 14 (Xinhua) -- Venezuelan Pres▓ident Hugo Chavez said on Sunday that the government has set targets for exporting food

down to eat Liu yan and Thomas from "China No
w" on "Beyond Beijing" cal
led to have a chat about o
ur travels. 銆€銆€After ▓lu
Thank you. The Mailman is on His Way :)
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